One of the main factors for providing effective cyber security for defence sector and developing of cyber defence capabilities is a close collaboration with the foreign partners. Cyber Security Bureau actively cooperates with NATO member and partner countries in bilateral, as well as in multilateral formats.
In this regards has to be mentioned Bureau’s engagement in NATO Smart Defence 2 projects: •Multinational Malware Information Sharing Platform MN MISP; •Multinational Cyber Defence Education and Training Program MN CD E&T.
The purpose of MISP is the improvement of cyber defence capabilities of NATO member countries by means of information sharing on malware and cyber threats. Malicious codes information sharing platform provides secure information (without content) sharing on cyber incidents among NATO member and partner states. Project’s leading country is Belgium.
The aim of MN CD E&T Program is to create a CD E&T Coordination Platform, which will contribute to enhance national cyber defence capabilities, as well as to improve interoperability between experts within NATO and Allies. In the frames of this project participating Nations have the possibility to offer national CD E&T activities to NATO and other Allies, and obtain NATO Certification on those activities. Project’s leading country is Portugal.
Cooperation with the partner countries
For successful implementation of its activity, it is important for Cyber Security Bureau to develop and deepen relations with foreign partners. In this regard, it is worth mentioning cooperation with the Estonian side as one of the leading countries in cyberspace.
Georgia-Estonia relations in cyber sphere began in 2013. The working group of the Ministry of Defense of Georgia together with Estonian expert and with the support of NATO Liaison Office in Georgia, studied the existing situation related to cyber security in Defence sector. As a result of the study, the “Roadmap” was elaborated, serving as an important precondition for establishing of the Cyber Security Bureau.
Estonian side especially for Georgia has elaborated the cyber security training package, which aims to raise awareness in cyber security and support the development of national cyber defence capabilities. In the frames of this trainings public and private sector servants were retrained.
Estonia is a sponsor country for Georgia in the field of cyber security in the frames of Substantial NATO-Georgia Package (SNGP). Cyber expert was assigned by Estonian side for effective implementation of the obligations, set in SNGP, as well as for further development of cyber security in the country.
The close cooperation between the Cyber Security Bureau and the US side was launched in 2015. In particular, with the support of the Office of Defence Cooperatin (ODC) in Georgia, the cooperation in the frames of Foreign Military Funding (FMF), which aims the provision of necessary software and hardware for cyber security in defence field, has started. Within the collaboration with US side and on the basis of Memorandum on deepening the defence and security partnership between the USA and Georgia, signed on July 6, 2016 was elaborated 5 year Action Plan of cooperation. The goal of the plan is to improve effectiveness of the Cyber Security Program through Military to Military (M2M) activities such as familiarization events, workshops, seminars and exercises, expertise sharing, cyber awareness raising activities, etc.
Cooperation with Lithuanian side in the sphere of cyber security began in 2016 and is based on the Bilateral Cooperation Plans between the Ministries of Defense of Georgia and Lithuania.
In April 2017 Bureau’s representatives took part in the cyber exercise “Locked Shields 2017” within the Lithuanian team. LS is the biggest and most advanced international live-fire cyber defense exercise in the world. The annual scenario-based real-time network defense exercise, organized by the Tallinn-based NATO Cooperative Cyber Defense Centre of Excellence, focuses on training the security experts who protect national critical information systems, networks and services on a daily basis. The Bureau has twice participated in this exercise as an observer and cooperation with Lithuanian side made it possible for Bureau representatives to participate as a players in the exercise in 2017.
Participation in this exercise is very important for Bureau representatives, as it enables them to check their capabilities and work in coordination with the partner countries.
Besides the above mentioned countries, Cyber Security Bureau actively cooperates with the Czech Republic, Ukraine, Turkey and the Republic of Azerbaijan. It is planned to establish cooperation with the EU and NATO other member states as well in the future.